Tag Archives: Great Britain

Lammasniemi Laura, ‘Anti-White Slavery Legislation and its Legacies in England’ (2017) 9 Anti-trafficking Review.
This paper argues that the foundation of modern anti-trafficking laws in England and Wales was created at the turn of the twentieth century, during the peak of white slavery hysteria. It shows that a series of interrelated legal interventions formed that foundation. While white slavery as a myth has been analysed, this paper turns the focus on legal regulation and shows why it is important to analyse its history in order to understand modern responses to trafficking. It focuses, in particular, on the first legal definition of victims of trafficking, involvement of vigilance associations in law reform, and on restrictions put in place on women’s immigration. Finally, it reflects on how laws enacted at the turn of the twentieth century still resonate with those of today.


English Collective of Prostitutes. Decriminalisation of Prostitution: the Evidence. Report of parliamentary symposium, 3 November 2015, House of Commons, 2016.

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Ellison, Graham, The Sex Trade in Northern Ireland: The Creation of a Moral Panic (December 2, 2012).

Full article available at SSRN: or
This short paper deals with current plans to introduce the ‘Swedish Model’ of criminalizing the payment for sex in Northern Ireland as a means of preventing human trafficking. The paper suggests debates about the sex trade have reached moral panic proportions in Northern Ireland. The proposed legislation is critiqued on the following grounds: that the police already have enough powers to deal with human trafficking in Northern Ireland; that the Bill conflates and confuses two entirely different activities (prostitution and trafficking); is premised on a narrow abolitionist perspective that in Northern Ireland draws upon strands of far right religious fundamentalism; and that it is out of line with policy developments occurring elsewhere in the UK.