Regulating Prostitution: Social Inclusion, Responsibilization and the Politics of Prostitution Reform
Authors: Jane Scoular and Maggie O’Neill
Following Matthews ’ (2005) recent examination of prostitution’s changing regulatory framework,we offer a critical account of the move from ‘ enforcement ’ (punishment) to ‘ multi-agency ’ (regula- tory) responses as, in part, a consequence of new forms of governance. We focus on the increasing salience of exiting — a move favoured by Matthews as signalling a renewed welfare approach, but one which, when viewed in the wider context of ‘progressive governance ,’ offers insight into New Labour’s attempt to increase social control under the rhetoric of inclusion, through techniques of risk and responsibilization. By exploring the moral and political components of these techniques, we demonstrate how they operate to privilege and exclude certain forms of citizenship, augmenting the on-going hegemonic moral and political regulation of sex workers.