Manuela Ribeiro and Octávio Sacramento (2005): Violence against Prostitutes. Findings of Research in the Spanish–Portuguese Frontier Region, “European Journal of Women’s Studies 12 (1), pp. 61-81. (Full article)
Violence has long been assumed to be an intrinsic trait of female prostitution. However, it has been mostly associated with the locale in which the activity is exercised, i.e. with working time and space. In this article, based on data gathered by direct observations, in-depth interviews and the compilation of so-called time-budgets, the authors demonstrate that violence is as pervasive and omnipresent a feature of prostitutes’ ostensibly private ‘off-duty’ (non-working) time and space, though it takes on varied and distinct forms and configurations, compared to violence in the workplace.